DANGER SIGN: He gets out of puff easily
Look out for: If he gets breathless climbing stairs, gets exhausted mowing the lawn or wakes up coughing, it could be a sign his heart is weakening, or he’s suffering chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the fifth leading cause of death in men.
What to do: Suggest he sees a doctor and requests a test to see how well his lungs are functioning. If he’s smoking, he should quit.
DANGER SIGN: He’s chewing antacids
Look out for: Occasional heartburn in men is fine, but constant bouts of it could lead to gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, when the liquid of the stomach regurgitates into the oesophagus, causing inflammation and ulcers.
What to do: He should see a doctor to check out his symptoms.
DANGER SIGN: He’s getting a beer belly
Look out for: Not enough exercise, too much food and booze will often lead to middle-age spread in all of us. But just putting it down to his age isn’t good enough, as abdominal fat is the most dangerous type you can carry – it’s associated with low testosterone, and a big belly increases the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
What to do: Encourage him to eat a healthy diet and be physically active. His doctor can give advice on weight-loss and suitable exercise.
DANGER SIGN: He snores
Look out for: It could be down to weight gain, but snoring could also mean sleep apnoea. If untreated, it will leave him tired all day and at greater risk of heart problems and even a stroke.
What to do: The symptoms can be managed by weight loss, or wearing a dental appliance to change the position of the jaw or tongue. A surgeon will advise.